Nepal has come a long way in switching to biogas and reducing its dependency on forest for firewood and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).
- The biogas replacement program that started in 1975 has installed biogas plants in 400,000 households across the country.
- Nepal Biogas Promotion Association (NBPA) said that Nepal is earning Rs. 1 billion annually in carbon trading which primarily is contributed by the biogas sector.
- Carbon trading is an approach used to control carbon dioxide (CO2) pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving emissions reductions.
- According to the Padam Dulal chairman of the NBPA, the nation can still construct additional 600,000 plants across the nation.
- Currently Nepal has over 120 biogas companies carrying out the construction of the biogas plants in coordination with Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC).
- A plant has been set up in Rupandehi which produces 300 cylinders of biogas daily out of urban wastes.
Why it matters:
- Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste.
- One biogas plant saves 3.3 tons of firewood every year which is equal to two trees.
- In addition, the country is also earning. A biogas plant saves 3 tons of carbon every year. Annually each plant earns USD 15 in revenue through carbon trading.
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